The Barque of Dante (1822) by Eugène Delacroix.
More infernal visions. Depictions of Hell aren’t exactly recent but the 19th century saw an increase in Dantean themes, helped, no doubt, by the Romantic taste for violent drama. There are many more such paintings, especially of the doomed lovers Paolo and Francesca whose plight is almost an artistic sub-genre. I’ve avoided the popular depictions by William Blake and Gustave Doré although the latter is represented below by a painting you don’t often see.
Dante and Virgil in Hell (1850) by William-Adolphe Bouguereau.
Dante and Virgil at the Entrance to Hell (1857) by Edgar Degas.