Satire on False Perspective by William Hogarth (1753).
Whoever makes a Design without the knowledge of Perspective will be liable to such absurdities as are shewn in this Frontispiece.
More eye-deceiving art for All Fools’ Day. Everyone knows MC Escher‘s pictures which continually played with the rules of perspective. Hogarth’s satire is less well-known and may even be the first of its kind. I haven’t seen any examples earlier than this.
A few contemporary equivalents follow, all of which can be found at Impossible World, a site devoted to visual disjunction.