Layered Orders: Crowley’s Thoth Deck and the Tarot


left: The Magus from the Thoth Tarot by Frieda Harris and Aleister Crowley (1938–1940?); right: The Magus from The Major Arcana by John Coulthart (2006).

Phantasmaphile presents another magickal art event in NYC next week. Layered Orders: Crowley’s Thoth Deck and the Tarot is described as “a personal narrative by Jesse Bransford”, an artist with a very distinctive approach to traditional occult symbolism. Bransford’s talk will focus on the peerless Thoth Tarot deck which Frieda Harris painted over several years under the careful direction of Aleister Crowley. The Thoth deck for me is still the ultimate Tarot deck. Crowley and Harris sought to create a Tarot for the 20th century, throwing out much of its tired and degraded iconography. This they replaced with dramatic interpretations which brought new layers of symbolism to the cards—including references to contemporary science—and also acknowledged the developments of Cubism and Futurism in the visual sphere. Tarot decks have proliferated since the 1960s but the Thoth deck has few (if any) rivals. I made use of Crowley’s controversial reordering and renaming of the cards in 2006 when I produced my set of Major Arcana designs based on international symbol signs.

The Tarot in general and Aleister Crowley’s Thoth Tarot in particular represent a miasmic confluence of image and thought into a single structure that is both liberating and overwhelming in its scope. In creating the deck, Crowley (in collaboration with painter Lady Frieda Harris) sought to integrate the mythological structures of the major mystical systems of both Western and Eastern occult traditions and to bring them into line with contemporary scientific thinking. The symbolism of the cards blends Kabbalah, Alchemy, Astrology, Egyptian mythology, quantum physics and even the I-Ching in ways that are at the same time clear and utterly confounding.

In an image-soaked personal narration Bransford, whose research-based artwork has delved into many of the territories Crowley sought to unify, will discuss some of the basic concepts of Tarot symbolism, returning to Crowley’s deck as among the most total example of the cards’ syncretism and as the most controversial.

Layered Orders: Crowley’s Thoth Deck and the Tarot takes place at Observatory, 543 Union Street, Brooklyn, NYC on Friday, July 17 at 7:30pm. Admission is free and there are further details at the Observatory website and Phantasmaphile.

Previously on { feuilleton }
Fata Morgana: The New Female Fantasists
Aleister Crowley on vinyl
The Man We Want to Hang by Kenneth Anger
The art of Cameron, 1922–1995

7 thoughts on “Layered Orders: Crowley’s Thoth Deck and the Tarot”

  1. I love the Toth tarot – it’s beautiful and powerful. I have a pack which I keep wrapped in velevet in a wooden box.

  2. For me, the Thoth deck is the unassailable zenith of its genre. Once you’ve tasted the delights of the Harris/Crowley collaboration no other tarot seems to hit the mark. The astonishing modernity of the design leaves any deck persisting with the medieaval iconography looking irrelevant at best. Another joy to be had is discovering the various alternate versions Lady Harris executed before Crowley settled on a final image – Harpo Marx as the Fool, anyone? Genius.

  3. I read the Tarot and that is exactly the deck I’ve been using for quite some time, alongside the Marseille one and the Rider-Waite (which should be named Colman Smith – Waite, really).
    Good to see the image in your blog.


  4. Evan: it’s a short step from the Tarot deck to the record deck, obviously. As it happens, my design for that card owes more to the Rider-Waite deck to which Márcio refers. The Magus in that set has a pentacle on his table which looks rather like a deck with pentagram slipmat.

    Dave C: Yes, there’s three or four variations of the Magus alone. This version of the Fool is very Harpo-esque.

  5. It is good to see “Anne S” love the Toth tarot as some people won’t have comments like your’s.

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